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Europe OK with UK support to convert unit of Drax power plant to biomass

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Staff Writer | December 20, 2016
The European Commission has concluded that UK support for the conversion of one unit of the Drax power station from coal to biomass complies with EU state aid rules.
Drax power plant
Energy   The project will receive the support until 2027
The project will further EU environmental and energy targets without unduly distorting competition in the Single Market.

In April 2015, the UK notified to the Commission its plans to grant state aid for the conversion of one unit of the Drax coal-fired power plant to biomass. The unit will have 645 Megawatt (MW) of electrical power capacity running exclusively on wood pellets.

The UK Government intends to support the project with a premium paid on top of the market price of the electricity generated (a so-called Contract for Difference).

The project will receive the support until 2027 and, according to UK estimates, will generate about 3.6 Terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity per year.

The plant is due to use approximately 2.4 million tonnes of wood pellets per year, mainly sourced from the United States and South America.

The Commission opened an in-depth investigation in January 2016 to check that the aid would not lead to overcompensation and undue distortions of competition in the biomass market.

A detailed analysis of the project business case was carried out, taking into account the comments received from interested third parties, as well as further information submitted by the UK.

On the basis of this analysis, the Commission has now concluded that the planned premium will not result in overcompensation.

Moreover, the Commission's investigation into the wood pellet and wood fibre markets found that the increased demand for wood pellets to fuel the power plant could be fulfilled by the market without undue negative side-effects.

The Commission concluded that the support will not lead to undue distortions of competition in the market for wood-based products.

On the basis of this analysis the Commission concluded that the project's contribution to increasing the share of renewable energy produced in the UK outweighs any potential distortions of competition that could be triggered by the government support.