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Oil firms think investors will not notice bad business if they pay dividend

Christian Fernsby ▼ | January 18, 2020
Analysts from the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) found that five of the largest publicly traded oil and gas firms: ExxonMobil, BP, Chevron, Total, and Royal Dutch Shell, collectively have rewarded stockholders with $536 billion in dividends and share buybacks since 2010, while generating just $329 billion in free cash flow over the same period.
Exxon
Energy   Exxon
The companies made up the $207 billion cash shortfall equal to 39 percent of total shareholder distributions primarily by selling assets and taking out new loans, according to the report.

Topics: Oil firm dividend

“The oil majors are consistently under performing the market and may believe that shareholders won’t notice, as long as they receive generous dividends,” said IEEFA director of finance and report co-author Tom Sanzillo. “As these companies continue to sell off assets and acquire more debt, they reveal a sector in disarray.”

The authors observe that the five oil supermajors have employed a range of strategies to deal with their cash shortfalls. BP and Total, for example, trimmed dividends after oil prices fell in 2015 and 2016, helping the companies narrow their cash deficits.

Asset sales have also played a crucial role in funding dividends and share buybacks. Shell, for example, sold $68 billion in assets from 2010 through the third quarter of 2019, including asset sales of $11 billion in 2017 and $6 billion in 2018 that helped the company bolster cash reserves. More asset sales are likely in coming years, as each of the oil majors has announced that some of their global reserves are available for purchase.

“Investors are gradually moving away from energy stocks. A look behind the dividend payments of the leading companies helps explain why. For the core business of these companies, there is more money going out than coming in.” said Sanzillo.


 

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