IMF chief warns against trade protectionismStaff Writer | April 12, 2018
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is optimistic on the outlook for global growth but warned darker clouds are looming due to fading fiscal stimulus and rising interest rates, the fund's Managing Director, Christine Lagarde, said.
World In a speech in Hong Kong:
The IMF chief was speaking as a trade conflict between the United States and China is creating significant uncertainty for businesses and their global supply chains.
"History shows that import restrictions hurt everyone, especially poorer consumers," Lagarde said.
"Not only do they lead to more expensive products and more limited choices, but they also prevent trade from playing its essential role in boosting productivity and spreading new technologies."
The best way to tackle global imbalances is to use fiscal tools or structural reforms, she said, adding that the World Trade Organization's rules were in danger of being "torn apart", which would be "an inexcusable, collective policy failure."
Policymakers need to commit to a level playing field and resolve disputes without using exceptional measures, she said.
"There are threats, there are counter-threats, there is an attempt to open a dialogue - we should support that dialogue attempt as much as we can," Lagarde said. "The impact of those threats is minimal on both sides. What is not minimal is the way in which confidence can be undermined."
The reality for 2018 and 2019 was that momentum would eventually slow due to fading fiscal stimulus, rising interest rates and tighter financial conditions, Lagarde said.
New analysis by the IMF showed that global debt had reached an all-time high of $164 trillion, 40 per cent higher than in 2007, with China accounting for just over half of that increase. ■