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More education means less support for Trump

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Staff Writer | March 14, 2017
Among major U.S. demographic groups, white men without a college degree are most likely to approve of the job Donald Trump is doing as president.
Trump supporter
Divided America   White men without a college degree
Blacks and nonwhite women are among the groups least likely to approve of Trump.

The results are based on Gallup Daily tracking from Jan. 20 through March 8. Over this period, 42% of Americans, on average, approved of the job Trump is doing.

The large samples obtained in the daily tracking allow Gallup to analyze patterns of Trump job approval among major demographic characteristics such as race, age and gender, but also combinations of those characteristics.

Analysis of the demographic groups with the highest and lowest job approval ratings for Trump suggests that race, education and gender are key differentiators in people's opinions of how the president is doing his job.

The demographic groups giving Trump his highest approval ratings generally share one or more of these common characteristics: non-Hispanic white, male, and not having a college degree.

Roughly two-thirds of Americans who possess all three of those characteristics approve of Trump.

Trump also tends to fare better among older than among younger subgroups.

At the other extreme, the demographic subgroups with the lowest approval ratings are all nonwhite. Also, education appears to make little or no difference in nonwhites' opinions of Trump.

Full results by demographic category can be found at the end of this article.

To a large degree, these demographic differences in Trump job approval reflect the underlying partisan leanings of the demographic groups.

For example, white men without a college education are most likely to identify as Republicans, and blacks largely identify as Democrats.

However, the various demographic characteristics (including race, gender and education) do appear to have a modest additional effect on Republicans' and Democrats' views of Trump, and they play a more significant role in shaping Trump approval among political independents.

Overall, 88% of Republicans, 38% of independents and 10% of Democrats approve of the job Trump is doing.

Among non-Hispanic whites, 54% approve of the job Trump is doing, making whites one of relatively few subgroups giving the president majority approval ratings.

Whites' job approval is at least twice as high as that of any other major racial or ethnic group - 27% of Asians, 22% of Hispanics and 13% of blacks approve of the job Trump is doing.

In addition to the racial differences, there is a significant gender gap of 13 percentage points in Trump's job approval, with 49% of men and 36% of women approving.

White men (60%) and white women (48%) are far more likely than nonwhite men (26%) and nonwhite women (14%) to approve of Trump.

Despite these differences, the gender gaps for whites and nonwhites are the same, 12 points each. The gender gap is also apparent within age and educational groups.

Educational differences in Trump job approval are muted when one looks at the broader population of all U.S. adults, partly because of differences in educational attainment by race.

Most generally, 37% of all college graduates and 45% of all college nongraduates approve of Trump. But there are larger distinctions within those broad groups.

For example, those with postgraduate education are the most divergent in their views of the president - just 31% of this group approves of Trump, compared with 41% of those with a bachelor's degree, 47% of those with some college education and 44% of those with a high school education or less.

Education is a factor in ratings of Trump only among whites - nonwhites' approval ratings are identical regardless of educational attainment.

But there is nearly a 20-point difference in approval between white college graduates (41%) and white college nongraduates (60%).


 

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