U.S. managers may compromise safety due to earnings expectationsStaff Writer |
Earnings benchmarks Incentives for employees
Managers of U.S. companies facing market pressures to meet earnings expectations may risk damaging the health and safety of workers to please investors.
Companies may create incentives for employees to increase productivity or reduce discretionary expenditures, but often these actions come at the cost of managers and workers paying insufficient attention to safety.
Dr. Naim Bugra Ozel, assistant professor of accounting in the Jindal School, and his co-author Dr. Judson Caskey of UCLA, recently studied firms that meet or just beat analyst expectations.
The study, published in the February issue of The Journal of Accounting and Economics, found that these firms have a roughly 12 percent higher injury rate for employees than other firms do.
"We know that firms try to meet earnings benchmarks because the benchmarks have implications for the firms," Ozel said.
"If firms do not meet these benchmarks, then investors punish them, and stock prices go down significantly after a miss of earnings expectations. That gives managers incentive to use the tools they have to ensure they are going to perform at least to the expectations."
Using injury data from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and companies' financial data, the researchers examined company spending and worker output.
They found that discretionary expenditures are associated with high injuries in firms that meet or just beat expectations, which is consistent with the conclusion that companies reduce safety-related expenditures such as oversight and employee training.
The study also found that higher employee output is associated with higher rates of injuries in these firms.
"Our research suggests that there is also an increase in the workload of the employees, so it's not just cutting expenditures, but asking employees to work a little harder," Ozel said.
"That might be in the form of overtime, or that might be in the form of putting in more work in a shorter time period. If employees are forced to work harder, they might inadvertently ignore the safety procedures themselves." ■
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