READ MOREBetween 2016 and 2017, the federal government recorded a 16% reduction in deforestation in the Amazon, the first decline in two years
At the same time, the country also expanded coverage of its many environmental protection areas, especially marine ones (increased the rate of national marine area protection from 1.5% to 26.3%). In total, Brazil currently has 92 million hectares of continental protected areas, the largest number since data started being collected in 1960.
These numbers signal the federal government's efforts to comply with international environmental treaties, speared by 15 government programmes implemented by the Ministry of the Environment (MMA). The flagship is the Amazon Protected Areas Programme (ARPA), the largest forest conservation programme the world.
Brazil is also one of the most active countries in environmental debates within the framework of the United Nations (UN). In 2015, when the Paris Agreement was signed, the country undertook to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 37% by 2025 and by 43% by 2030. ■