Common skin bacteria P. acnes offers disease protectionStaff Writer | November 28, 2016
Our most common skin bacteria may help shield us from some skin diseases, a new study suggests.
Discovery The protective effect of RoxP
Specifically, RoxP protects against skin cell damage called oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen bacteria. UV radiation from the sun is a common cause of oxidative stress on the skin.
Oxidative stress is believed to contribute to several skin diseases, including eczema, psoriasis and skin cancer.
The protective effect of RoxP is as strong as antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, according to the study published recently in the journal Scientific Reports.
"This protein is important for the bacterium's very survival on our skin. The bacterium improves its living environment by secreting RoxP, but in doing so it also benefits us," study author Rolf Lood said in a news release from Lund University in Sweden. He is a postdoctoral researcher in Lund's Department of Clinical Sciences.
The name Propionibacterium acnes comes from the fact that it was first discovered on a patient with acne. "But whether it causes acne is uncertain - it may have been present merely because it is so common," Lood said.
Propionibacterium acnes is found on people with and without skin diseases. But people have different amounts of the bacterium on their skin, which can produce varying amounts of RoxP, Lood noted. ■