About diabetesBernice Clark ▼ |
It is the fifth leading cause of death in the Asian American and Pacific Islander population, and one of the leading threats to the health of Australian population. About 40 percent of United States adults ages 40 to 74, or 41 million people, currently have pre-diabetes. Diabetes can cause most complications like: heart disease and stroke (65 percent of deaths in people with diabetes), high blood pressure (about 73 percent have blood pressure greater than or equal to 130/80 mm Hg), blindness (12000 to 24000 new cases of blindness each year), kidney disease (leading cause of kidney failure), nervous system disease (slowed digestion, carpal tunnel syndrome, impaired sensation in the feet), amputations, dental disease and other complications.
What is diabetes? Simply, it is a disorder that affects the way your body uses food for energy. When everything is all right, the sugar in your blood (glucose) comes from two main sources: from food and liver. That sugar is important because it represent main source of energy for muscles and tissue. To fulfill its duty properly glucose needs an escort: a hormone called insulin. It is a hormone produced by the pancreas, and it helps in moving the glucose into cells. A healthy pancreas adjusts the amount of insulin based on the level of glucose. People with diabetes have that process disturbed.
The level of sugar in blood varies over time, and that's normal for healthy person. However, that change must be kept between close boundaries. At the healthy person, the sugar is between 3.8 and 6.0 mmol/l in the morning. The value of 6.9 mmol/l, either after the meal or at any given time - you have diabetes. The value of between 6.1 and 6.8 mmol/l, in the morning, before any meal, means that you have pre-diabetes.
There are two types of diabetes. Type I means that your body produces too small amount of insulin, or no insulin at all. Sometimes it is called "juvenile diabetes". Type II means that body cell doesn't accept insulin. The sugar stays in blood and there's more and more sugar in the blood over the time. Both types are treated equally. First, with diet, than with the pills and finally with taking the insulin.
There is often the case that there are no symptoms that will point to diabetes. But, there are two symptoms "from the book": thirst and frequent urination. Other symptoms that may cause suspicion are: extreme hunger, unusual loss or gain of weight, increased fatigue, irritability, blurry vision, dry skin, repeating skin or gum infections...
One of the diabetes triggers is stress. So, don't do everything by yourself, distribute obligations between your associates and family. Diabetes is not illness that can be cured. And, if we can judge by statistic data it is the illness that likes company. Don't let it deserve yours. ■