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Output in India expands at weaker pace in March

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Staff Writer | April 6, 2018
Manufacturing conditions improved for the eighth consecutive in March, but at the weakest pace since October.
Output in India
India   Nikkei India Manufacturing PMI
This reflected softer expansions in new work and output, and a decline in employment for the first time in eight months.

On a positive note, the recent build-up of inflationary pressures eased in March, with softer increases in both input costs and output prices recorded.

The Nikkei India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI ) fell from 52.1 in February to a five-month low of 51.0 in March.

This indicated the slowest improvement in operating conditions recorded by the survey since last October.

Indian goods manufacturers raised their output for the eighth successive month during March.

Higher production was mainly linked to new order growth and favourable demand conditions.

However, the degree to which output rose was modest and the weakest since October.

Growth was reported across all three broad market groups, led by consumption goods.

New business placed at manufacturing companies rose for the fifth consecutive month during March.

Where an increase was registered, firms linked this to improvements in market demand from both domestic and international markets.

That said, the rate of growth eased to the weakest pace in the current sequence, reflecting the slowest gain in new export orders since November.

Amid reports of spare operating capacity, firms reduced their payroll numbers for the first time in eight months, albeit at a fractional pace.

There was some pressure on supply chains as average lead times continued to lengthen during March (the third month in a row).

That said, the latest deterioration in vendor performance was marginal.

As has been the case since last November, Indian manufacturers raised their purchasing activity.

Subsequently, pre-production inventories rose in March following a decline in February.

Greater inflows of new work encouraged firms to raise their inventories, according to panellists.

March saw a further increase in input costs.

Although marked overall, inflation moderated from February’s recent peak and registered below the series trend.

Respondents commented on greater demand for raw materials, with prices for chemicals and steel reportedly up since February.

Indian manufacturers raised their output charges in March, thereby extending the period of inflation to eight months.

Survey respondents attributed a rise in selling prices to the pass-through of higher cost burdens to clients.

However, partly reflecting slower cost increases, output charge inflation was marginal and the weakest in the current sequence.

Indian manufacturing firms retained business confidence towards the 12-month outlook for output.

Positive sentiment was widely supported by marketing initiatives and expectations that client demand will continue to improve over the year ahead.

That said, the degree of optimism remained below the series average.


 

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