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Utilised agricultural area in England increased 1.1%

Staff Writer | October 28, 2016
The utilised agricultural area (UAA) in England increased by 1.1% between 2015 and 2016 and now stands at 9.0 million hectares.
UK land
Britain   Land use, livestock populations and agricultural workforce
The total croppable area accounts for just over half (54%) of UAA and remained almost unchanged at 4.8 million hectares in 2016.

Permanent grassland accounts for an additional 42% of UAA and was almost 3.8 million hectares in 2016.

The area of owned land in England increased by 2.9% to 6.1 million hectares in 2016. Land rented in for a year or more increased by 1.2% to just over 3.0 million hectares.

The total area of arable crops increased by 0.6%, from 3.8 million hectares in 2015 to almost 3.9 million hectares in 2016. Cereals and oilseed crops account for the majority (83%) of the total arable crop area.

The total number of cattle and calves in England is 5.4 million in June 2016, showing an increase of 0.8% since 2015. The total breeding herd remained almost unchanged between 2015 and 2016 at almost 1.9 million.

A small decrease of 0.5% resulted in a dairy herd of 1.2 million animals. This was offset by a 1.2% increase in the beef herd which rose to 721 thousand in 2016.

In 2016 the total number of pigs in England increased by 2.2% to 3.9 million animals. The increase was mainly driven by the rise in the number of fattening pigs, up 2.4% to 3.5 million in 2016.

The female breeding herd also increased, rising from 328 thousand in 2015 to 334 thousand in 2016.

The total number of sheep and lambs increased by 0.9%, from 15.1 million in 2015 to almost 15.3 million in 2016. The female breeding flock increased by 0.8% to 7.1 million and the number of lambs increased by 1.0% to 7.8 million.

The total number of people working on agricultural holdings in England decreased by 1.1% from 305 thousand in 2015 to 302 thousand in 2016.

This was largely due to a 4.6% decrease in the number of regular part time workers which stands at 27 thousand people in 2016.