India's 2016 marine fish production below estimatesStaff writer ▼ | May 18, 2016
Marine fish production in India stood at 3.58 million tonnes in 2015-2016, against the potential yield of 4.41 million tonnes estimated for India's exclusive economic zone (EEZ), provisional figures by agriculture ministry showed.
Fish in Asia The variations in fish production
The variations in fish production is attributed to several reasons such as high fishing pressure, changes in fishing gear dimensions, over capacity, pollution, environmental factors, climate change etc, minister of state for agriculture and farmers welfare Sanjeev Kumar Balyan said.
To allay fears of the local community that the fall in fish catch is due mainly to the activities of deep-sea fishing vessels (DSFVs) in the EEZ, the department of fisheries has said that these vessels are allowed to carry out only resource-specific fishing beyond 12 nautical miles from the territorial limits.
"Apprehensions of local fishing community, if any, regarding poor fish yield in territorial waters due to operation of these DSFVs are largely unsubstantiated, as the areas of operation as well as targeted resources are different in case of DSFVs and the local traditional fishing communities," a statement added.
The government had in July 2015 set up a committee headed by Dr S Ayyappan, former director general of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) to inter alia ascertain the present status of exploitation of marine fishery resources by various sectors, namely, traditional sector, mechanized boats sector and deep-sea fishing vessels.
The committee has been asked to consult all stakeholders for preparing a draft National Policy on Marine Fisheries for over-all development of marine fisheries in India.
Balyan also informed the House that in order to increase fish production in the country, the department of animal husbandry, dairying and fisheries is also promoting inland water fishing in reservoirs, wetlands and rivers across the country. ■