Responding to complaints triggers new complaints
That is one finding of a new study published in the Articles in Advance section of Marketing Science, a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS).
The study emphasizes that managers should examine the underlying customer relationships, since this can help improve the tuning of service intervention efforts.
The Squeaky Wheel Gets the Grease – An Empirical Analysis of Customer Voice and Firm Intervention on Twitter is by a trio of professors, Liye Ma of the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, Baohong Sun of Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business, and Sunder Kekre of the David A. Tepper School of Business at the Carnegie Mellon University.
As companies large and small flock to social media outlets to engage with their customers, a key managerial question arises: do such service interventions on social media work and if so, in what way?
The study investigates this question, and the finding is intriguing: on one hand, addressing complaints on social media does improve customer relationship with the company. On the flip hand, however, it also increases customers’ expectations to receive help, and makes customers more likely to speak up in the future. That is, responding to complaints has the downside effect of encouraging even more complaints.
For their study, the authors examined the history of compliments and complaints by several hundred consumers of a major telecommunications services provider made on Twitter and the company’s responses.
They used a dynamic statistical model to investigate both how consumers’ relationships with the company evolve and how they decide whether to compliment or complain. Accounting for both aspects turned out to be crucial in revealing these opposing effects of social media complaint management.
“People complain on Twitter not just to vent their frustration,” says Ma. “They do that also in the hope of getting the company’s attention. Once they know the company is paying attention, they are more ready to complain the next time around.”
Despite this side effect, addressing complaints is still worthwhile. The improved customer relationship from such effort outweighs the downside of encouraging more complaints.
However, if companies only look at what customers say on social media without recognizing this “squeaky wheel” effect, they will underestimate the effectiveness of their service intervention, the study cautions. ■
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