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Conversion   Essen is the ninth largest city in Germany

Essen: Important coal town became Europe’s green capital

EssenEssen, a city in North West Germany, has the honour of calling itself Europe’s green capital. The European Commission says Essen is making “admirable efforts” to overcome a challenging industrial history to reinvent itself as a green city.

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Essen is the ninth largest city in Germany with close to 600.000 inhabitants and an increasing population density.

Its industrial history was closely linked to underground coal-mining operations. Essen’s last coal mine was closed in the 1980s and since then the city has transformed itself into a services and financial centre.

The City is making admirable efforts to establish itself as a ‘City in transformation’ that is overcoming a challenging industrial history to reinvent itself as a ‘Green City’ and a leading example for others.

The City credits its citizens and their ability to change as key to this success and this ethos is visible through their application tag line “ESSENtials – changing the way we act”.

Essen has built green and blue corridors within the city and is investing in green infrastructure which has been demonstrated through the development of the Krupp Belt.

The city of Essen has implemented a range of practices to protect and enhance nature and biodiversity.

Future plans focus not only on the greening of the city but also on the promotion of biodiversity in new green areas and in particular on species which are resilient to climate change.

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