READ MOREThe official purchasing managers' index slipped to 49.6 in November, marking its lowest level since August 2012 and falling short of expectations for a reading of 49.8.
It was a brighter picture in terms of non-manufacturing, however, with the services PMI coming in at 53.6 from 53.1 in October.
The Caixin manufacturing PMI, which focuses on small enterprises and has a smaller sample than the official numbers, was also more upbeat.
It rose to 48.6 in November from 48.3m the previous month, compared with expectations for a reading of 48.3. ■