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Working in Europe   The two main components of labour costs

Annual Q3 growth in labour costs up to 1.5% in euro area

Hourly labour costsHourly labour costs rose by 1.5% in the euro area (EA19) and by 1.9% in the EU28 in the third quarter of 2016, compared with the same quarter of the previous year.

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In the second quarter of 2016, hourly labour costs increased by 1.0% in the euro area (EA19) and by 1.4% in the EU28. These figures are published by Eurostat.

The two main components of labour costs are wages & salaries and non-wage costs. In the euro area, wages & salaries per hour worked grew by 1.6% and the non-wage component by 1.2% in the third quarter of 2016 compared with the same quarter of 2015.

In the second quarter of 2016, the annual changes were +0.9% and +1.5% respectively. In the EU28, hourly wages & salaries rose by 2.0% and the non-wage component by 1.5% in the third quarter of 2016. In the second quarter of 2016, annual changes were +1.4% and +1.7% respectively.

In the third quarter of 2016 compared with the same quarter of the previous year, hourly labour costs in the euro area rose by 1.7% in industry, by 2.0% in construction, by 1.2% in services and by 1.8% in the (mainly) nonbusiness economy.

In the EU28, labour costs per hour grew by 2.2% in industry, by 2.6% in construction, by 1.6% in services and by 1.9% in the (mainly) non-business economy.

In the third quarter of 2016, the highest annual increases in hourly labour costs for the whole economy were registered in Romania (+14.7%), the Czech Republic (+9.0%), Bulgaria (+8.4%), Latvia (+7.7%) and Lithuania (+6.8%).

Decreases were recorded in Croatia (-5.5%), Malta (-2.1%) and Italy (-0.5%).



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